Concepts about the liquid state that are inconsistent with the facts are noted, and solvent under tension is one of them. Osmosis is not present in a solution: it is a process in the presence of a semipermeable membrane that can be quantified by the operation of applying a hydrostatic pressure. The classical derivation of the van't Hoff equation from Raoult's law is reviewed. The soundness of the early views of G. H. Lewis has not changed.
- Copyright © 1979 the American Physiological Society