A mathematical model describing the kinetics of binding and release of substances by plasma proteins is presented. The effects of protein binding on the uptake of substances such as drugs from the capillary network of the brain are discussed. The model assumes equilibration between bound and free forms of drug in arterial blood and incorporates the on-off rate constants for the drug-protein complex and rate constants for passage of free drug across the blood-brain barrier and for drug metabolism in the brain. Regional cerebral blood flow and the related capillary transit time are important parameters in the model. Analytical expressions for bound and free drug concentrations and for the net extraction of drug are derived where practicable, and numerical solutions also are presented. Effects of changes in the total drug and protein concentrations in the plasma are discussed with special reference to the uptake of bilirubin by the brain.
- Copyright © 1986 the American Physiological Society