Adipose tissue blood flow was measured in five depots, and plasma concentrations of glucose, insulin, and triglyceride were measured at 0, 15, 30, and 45 min after the start of a meal in unanesthetized, freely moving rats. In addition, adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase activity was measured in four depots before and 45 min after the start of a meal. Plasma glucose was significantly elevated only at the 15-min time point, and while plasma triglyceride increased these changes did not reach significance. Plasma insulin was significantly elevated at all time points after a meal. Feeding resulted in a consistent decrease of adipose tissue blood flow expressed per gram wet weight of tissue. This decrease was maximal at 30 min after the start of feeding. The decrease in adipose tissue blood flow averaged 45% at 45 min after the start of feeding for the five depots evaluated. Lipoprotein lipase activity significantly increased in the retroperitoneal and mesenteric fat depots at 45 min after the meal start, but did not change in the epididymal or dorsal subcutaneous fat depots. These results suggest that a decrease in adipose tissue blood flow is a normal result of a meal in the rat. The regional specificity of changes in adipose tissue lipoprotein lipase activity supports the concept of regional specificity of function for adipose tissue and suggests that the mesenteric and retroperitoneal depots are particularly important for the storage of triglycerides immediately after a meal.
- Copyright © 1989 the American Physiological Society