The purpose of this study was to examine the time course of changes in the oxygen uptake (V̇o2) kinetics response subsequent to short-term exercise training (i.e., 24, 48, 72, and 120 h posttraining) and examine the relationship with the time course of changes in microvascular [deoxygenated hemoglobin concentration ([HHb])-to-V̇o2 ratio ([HHb])/V̇o2)] and macrovascular [flow-mediated dilation (FMD)] O2 delivery to the active tissues/limbs. Seven healthy older [OA; 74 ± 6 (SD) yr] and young men (YA; 25 ± 3 yr) completed three endurance cycling exercise training sessions at 70% V̇o2peak. Moderate-intensity exercise on-transient V̇o2 (measured breath by breath) and [HHb] (measured by near-infrared spectroscopy) were modeled with a monoexponential and normalized (0–100% of response), and the [HHb])/V̇o2 was calculated. Ultrasound-derived FMD of the popliteal artery was assessed after 5 min of cuff occlusion. %FMD was calculated as the greatest percent change in diameter from baseline. Time constant of V̇o2 (τV̇o2) was significantly reduced in both OA (~18%) and YA (~23%) at 24 h (P < 0.001) posttraining and remained decreased at 48 h before returning toward pretraining (PRE) values. Both groups showed a significant decrease in the [HHb])/V̇o2 at 24, 48, and 72 h (P = 0.001, 0.01, and 0.03, respectively) posttraining before returning toward PRE values at 120 h. %FMD followed a similar time course to that of changes in the [HHb])/V̇o2, being significantly greater in both OA (by ~64%) and YA (by ~26%) at 24 h (P < 0.001), remaining increased at 48 and 72 h (P = 0.02 and 0.03, respectively), and returning toward PRE values at 120 h. These data suggest the rate of adjustment of V̇o2 may be constrained by O2 availability in the active tissues.
- V̇o2 kinetics
- O2 extraction
- near-infrared spectroscopy
- flow-mediated dilation
- short-term exercise training
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