Arterial baroreflex function is important for blood pressure control during exercise, but its contribution to cardiovascular adjustments at the onset of cycling exercise remains unclear. Fifteen healthy male subjects (24 ± 1 years) performed 45-s trials of low- and moderate-intensity cycling, with carotid baroreceptor stimulation by neck suction at -60 Torr applied 0-5, 10-15, and 30-35 s after the onset of exercise. Cardiovascular responses to neck suction during cycling were compared to those obtained at rest. An attenuated reflex decrease in heart rate following neck suction was detected during moderate-intensity exercise, as compared to the response at rest (P < 0.05). Furthermore, compared to the reflex decrease in blood pressure elicited at rest, neck suction elicited an augmented decrease in blood pressure at 0-5 and 10-15 s during low-intensity exercise and in all periods during moderate-intensity exercise (P < 0.05). The reflex depressor response at the onset of cycling was primarily mediated by increase in the total vascular conductance. These findings evidence altered carotid baroreflex function during the first 35 s of cycling as compared to rest, with attenuated bradycardic response, and augmented depressor response to carotid baroreceptor stimulation.
- arterial baroreflex
- neck suction
- dynamic exercise
- cycling onset
- Copyright © 2016, American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology