Insulin stimulates skeletal muscle glucose uptake via activation of the protein kinase B/Akt (Akt) pathway. Recent studies suggest that insulin down-regulates AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity via Ser485/491 phosphorylation of the AMPK α-subunit. Thus, lower blood insulin concentrations may induce AMPK signal activation. Acute exercise is one method to stimulate AMPK activation; however, no study has examined the relationship between blood insulin levels and acute resistance exercise-induced AMPK pathway activation. Based on previous findings, we hypothesized that the acute resistance exercise-induced AMPK pathway activation would be augmented by disruptions in insulin secretion through a decrease in AMPKα Ser485/491 inhibitory phosphorylation. To test the hypothesis, 10-week-old male Sprague-Dawley rats were administered the toxin streptozotocin (STZ; 55 mg/kg) to destroy the insulin secreting β-cells. Three-day post-injection, the right gastrocnemius muscle from STZ and control rats was subjected to resistance exercise by percutaneous electrical stimulation. Animals were sacrificed 0, 1, or 3 h later; activation of the Akt/AMPK and downstream pathways in the muscle tissue were analyzed by western blotting and real-time PCR. Notably, STZ rats showed a significant decrease in basal Akt and AMPKα Ser485/491 phosphorylation. However, substantial exercise caused increases in both AMPKα Thr172 and acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACC) Ser79 phosphorylation. Although no significant impact on resistance exercise-induced Akt pathway activation or glucose uptake was found, resistance exercise−induced PGC-1α gene expression was augmented by STZ treatment. Collectively, these data suggest that circulating insulin levels may regulate acute resistance exercise-induced AMPK pathway activation and AMPK-dependent gene expression relating to basal AMPKα Ser485/491 phosphorylation.
- Resistance exercise
- AMPKα Ser485/491
- AMPKα Thr172
- Copyright © 2017, American Journal of Physiology-Regulatory, Integrative and Comparative Physiology